Modern history[ edit ] In the 16th and 17th centuries[ edit ] While black was the color worn by the Catholic rulers of Europe, it was also the emblematic color of the Protestant Reformation in Europe and the Puritans in England and America. John Calvin , Philip Melanchthon and other Protestant theologians denounced the richly colored and decorated interiors of Roman Catholic churches. They saw the color red, worn by the Pope and his Cardinals, as the color of luxury, sin, and human folly. In Protestant doctrine, clothing was required to be sober, simple and discreet. Bright colors were banished and replaced by blacks, browns and grays; women and children were recommended to wear white.
The Public and Private Sides of Ethnicity
Black History Timeline - emulateur-ps3.com
Reuters The United States endures more blackouts than any other developed nation as the number of U. The situation is worsened by gaps in the policies of federal and local commissioners. And now there are new risks to the grid from terrorism and climate change's extreme impacts, Amin said. Also, demand for electricity has grown 10 percent over the last decade, even though there are more energy-efficient products and buildings than ever. Those estimates exclude extreme events like severe storms and fires, though those have been increasing the past two decades. Weather used to account for about 17 to 21 percent of all root causes. Its 7, power plants are connected by power lines that combined total more than 5 million miles, all managed by 3, utilities serving million customers, according to industry group Edison Electric Institute.
Aging US Power Grid Blacks Out More Than Any Other Developed Nation
Black people were permitted to be members of the church, and to participate in some temple ordinances, such as baptism for the dead. Young men are generally admitted to the Aaronic priesthood at age 12, and it is a significant rite of passage. Excluding black people from the priesthood meant that they could not hold significant church leadership roles or participate in certain spiritual events such as blessing the sick or giving other blessings reserved for priesthood holders. These ordinances are considered essential to enter the highest degree of heaven, so this meant that black church members could not enjoy the full privileges enjoyed by other Latter Day Saints during the restriction.